Aleutian Tern Onychoprion aleuticus


Bird, J.P., Martin, R., Akçakaya, H.R., Gilroy, J., Burfield, I.J., Garnett, S.G., Symes, A., Taylor, J., Şekercioğlu, Ç.H. and Butchart, S.H.M. 2020. Generation lengths of the world’s birds and their implications for extinction risk. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1252-1261.

Corcoran, R. M. 2017. Aleutian and Arctic Tern colony monitoring, Kodiak Archipelago, 2016. Refuge report 2017.2, Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Kodiak, AK.

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N.J., Christie, D.A., Elliott, A. and Fishpool, L.D.C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Non-passerines. Lynx Edicions BirdLife International, Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge, UK.

del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J. 1996. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 3: Hoatzin to Auks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Delany, S. & Scott, D. 2006. Waterbird population estimates. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Gochfeld, M., Burger, J., Garcia, E.F.J. & Sharpe, C.J. 2018. Aleutian Tern (Onychoprion aleuticus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Available at:

Goldstein, M. I.; Duffy, D. C.; Oehlers, S.; Catterson, N.; Frederick, J.; Pyare, S. 2019. Interseasonal movements and non-breeding locations of Aleutian Terns Onychoprion aleuticus. Marine Ornithology 47: 67-76.

Haney, J.C., J.M. Andrew and D.S. Lee. 1991. A closer look: Aleutian Tern. Birding 23: 346-351.

IUCN. 2020. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2020-3. Available at: (Accessed: 10 December 2020).

Oehlers, S., Catterson, N., Goldstein, M., Pyare, S. 2010. Aleutian Terns: Migration Mystery. Available at:

Partners in Flight. 2019. Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2019. Available at:

Renner, H.M., Romano, M.D., Renner, M., Pyare, S., Goldstein, M.I. & Arthukin, Y. 2015. Assessing the breeding distribution and population trends of the Aleutian Tern Onychoprion aleuticus. Marine Ornithology 43(2): 179–187.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2006. Alaska Seabird Information Series: Aleutian Tern Onychoprion aleutica

Wetlands International. 2020. Waterbird Population Estimates. Available at:

Further resources

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Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Onychoprion aleuticus. Downloaded from on 03/02/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 03/02/2023.