EN
African Penguin Spheniscus demersus



References

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de Villiers, M. 2002. Effect of a storm on breeding African Penguins Spheniscus demersus at Foxy Beach, Boulders Penguin Colony, Simon's Town. Bird Numbers 11: 7-9.

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Hagen C, Sherley RB, Steinfurth A, Pichegru L, Robinson K, Jarre A, Crawford RJM, Winker H, Altwegg R, van der Merwe L, McInnes A. 2014. An evaluation of the evidence of the impact of fishing closures around breeding colonies of African Penguins. Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries: MARAM/IWS/DEC14/PENG/A3: 1–28.

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Kemper J, Underhill LG, Roux J-P, Bartlett PA, Chesselet YJ, James JAC, Jones R, Uhongora N-N, Wepener S. 2007c. Breeding patterns and factors influencing breeding success of African Penguins Spheniscus demersus in Namibia. In: Kirkman SP (ed.) Final Report of the BCLME (Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem) Project on Top Predators as Biological Indicators of Ecosystem Change in the BCLME. Avian Demography Unit, UCT, Cape Town: 89–99.

Kemper J, Underhill LG, Roux J-P. 2007a. Artificial burrows for African penguins at Halifax Island: do they improve breeding success? . ? In: Kirkman SP (ed.) Final Report of the BCLME (Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem) Project on Top Predators as Biological Indicators of Ecosystem Change in the BCLME. Avian Demography Unit, UCT, Cape Town: 101–106.

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Kemper, J.; Underhill, L. G.; Crawford, R. J. M.; Kirkman, S. P. 2007b. Revision of the conservation status of seabirds and seals breeding in the Benguela Ecosystem. In: Kirkman, S. P. (ed.), Final Report of the BCLME (Benguela Current Large Marine Ecosystem), pp. 325-342.

Lei B, Green JD, Pichegru L. 2014. Extreme microclimate conditions in artificial nests for endangered African penguins. Bird Conservation International 24: 201-213.

Ludynia K, Kemper J, Roux J-P. 2012. The Namibian Islands’ Marine Protected Area: using seabird tracking data to define boundaries and assess their adequacy. Biology Conservation 156: 136–145.

Ludynia K, Roux J-P, Jones R, Kemper J, Underhill LG. 2010. Surviving off junk: Low-energy prey dominates the diet of African penguins Spheniscus demersus at Mercury Island, Namibia, between 1996 and 2009. African Journal of Marine Science 32: 563–572.

Ludynia K. 2007. Identification and characterisation of foraging areas of seabirds in upwelling systems: biological and hydrographic implications for foraging at sea. PhD thesis, University of Kiel, Kiel. http://eldiss.uni-kiel.de/macau/receive/dissertation_diss_00002349.

Makhado AB, Crawford RJM, Waller LJ, Underhill LG. 2013. An assessment of the impact of predation by Cape fur seals Arctocephalus pusillus pusillus on seabirds at Dyer Island, South Africa. Ostrich 84: 191–198.

Nel, D. C.; Whittington, P. A. 2003. Rehabilitation of oiled African Penguins: a conservation success story.

Petersen, S. L.; Ryan, P. G.; Gremillet, D. 2006. Is food availability limiting African Penguins Spheniscus demersus at Boulders? A comparison of foraging effort at mainland and island colonies. Ibis 148: 14-26.

Pichegru L, Ryan PG, Le Bohec C, van der Lingen CD, Navarro R, Petersen S, Lewis S, van der Westhuizen J, Grémillet D. 2009. Overlap between vulnerable top predators and fisheries in the Benguela upwelling system: implications for marine protected areas. Marine Ecology Progress Series 391: 199–208.

Pichegru L, Ryan PG, van Eeden R, Reid T, Grémillet D, Wanless R. 2012. Industrial fishing, no-take zones and endangered penguins. Biology Conservation 156: 117–125.

Pichegru L. 2013. Increasing breeding success of an Endangered penguin: artificial nests or culling predatory gulls? Bird Conservation International 23: 296–308.

Pichegru, L.; Grémillet, D.; Crawford, R. M. J.; Ryan, P. G. 2010. Marine no-take zone rapidly benefits Endangered penguin. Biology Letters http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsbl.2009.0913.

Randall RM, Randall BM, Cooper J, La Cock GD, Ross GJB. 1987. Jackass penguin Spheniscus demersus movements, inter-island visits, and settlement. Journal of Field Ornithology 58: 445–455.

Roberts J. 2015. African Penguins (Spheniscus demersus) distribution during the non-breeding season: preparation for, and recovery from, a moulting fast. MSc thesis. University of Cape Town..

Robinson WML, Butterworth DS, Plaganyi EE. 2015. Quantifying the projected impact of the South African sardine fishery on the Robben Island penguin colony. ICES J. Mar. Sci. doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsv035.

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Shannon LJ, Crawford RJM. 1999. Management of the African Penguins Spheniscus demersus – insights from modelling. Marine Ornithology 27: 119–128.

Shelton, P.A., Crawford, R.J.M., Cooper, J., Brooke, R.K. 1984. Distribution, population size and conservation of the Jackass Penguin Spheniscus demersus. South African Journal of Marine Science 2: 217-257.

Sherley RB, Abadi F, Ludynia K, Barham BJ, Clark AE, Altwegg R. 2014. Age-specific survival and movement among major African Penguin Spheniscus demersus colonies. Ibis 156: 716–728.

Sherley RB, Barham BJ, Barham PJ, Leshoro TM, Underhill LG. 2012. Artificial nests enhance the breeding productivity of African Penguins (Spheniscus demersus) on Robben Island, South Africa. Emu 112: 97–106.

Sherley RB, Ludynia K, Lamont T, Roux JP, Crawford RJM and Underhill LG. 2013a. The initial journey of an endangered penguin: implications for seabird conservation. Endangered Species Research 21: 89–95.

Sherley RB, Underhill LG, Barham BJ, Barham PJ, Coetzee JC, Crawford RJM, Dyer BM, Leshoro TM, Upfold L. 2013b. Influence of local and regional prey availability on breeding performance of African penguins Spheniscus demersus. Marine Ecology Progress Series 473: 291–301.

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Sherley RB, Winker H, Altwegg R, van der Lingen CD, Votier SC, Crawford RJM. 2015. Bottom-up effects of a no-take zone on endangered penguin demographics. Biology letters 11: 20150237.

Sherley RB. 2016. A Bayesian approach to understand the effect sizes, power, uncertainty and demographic impact associated with purse-seine fishing closures around African penguin colonies. Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries report: 1–19.

Underhill LG, Crawford RJM, Wolfaardt AC, Whittington PA, Dyer BM, Leshoro TM, Ruthenberg M, Upfold L, Visagie J. 2006. Regionally coherent trends in colonies of African Penguins Spheniscus demersus in the Western Cape, South Africa, 1987–2005. African Journal of Marine Science 28: 697–704.

Waller, LJ. 2011. The African Penguin Spheniscus demersus: Conservation and Management Issues. University of Cape Town.

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Wilson RP, Wilson MT, Duffy D. 1988. Contemporary and historical patterns of African penguin Spheniscus demersus: distribution at sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 26: 447–458.

Wilson RP. 1985. The jackass penguin (Spheniscus demersus) as a pelagic predator. Marine Ecology Progress Series 25: 219–227.

Wolfaardt AC, Underhill LG, Nel DC, Williams AJ, Visagie J. 2008. Breeding success of African penguins Spheniscus demersus at Dassen Island, especially after oiling following the Apollo Sea oil spill. African Journal of Marine Science 30: 565–580.

Wolfaardt AC, Williams AJ, Underhill LG, Crawford RJM, Whittington PA. 2009. Review of the rescue, rehabilitation and restoration of oiled seabirds in South Africa, especially African penguins Spheniscus demersus and Cape gannets Morus capensis, 1983–2005. African Journal of Marine Science 31: 31–54.

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Arkive species - African penguin (Spheniscus demersus) 0

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Spheniscus demersus. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/10/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/10/2017.