Family: Spheniscidae (Penguins)
Authority: (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1841)
Red List Category
for more information about the Red List categories and criteria
Justification of Red List category
The population has been increasing recently, particularly in East Antarctica (where most of the world population breeds) and the Ross Sea (Lyver et al.
2014, Southwell et al
. 2015a, b) and on the southern Antarctic Peninsula south of 66° S (Sailley et al.
2013). However, modelled projections suggest a future decline. Currently, the net change in world population is positive (Lynch and LaRue 2014), which qualifies the species to be listed as Least Concern.
Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident):
Realm - Afrotropical
Realm - Neotropical
Realm - Oceanic
Realm - Antarctic
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Marine biome