Red List Category
for more information about the Red List categories and criteria
Justification of Red List category
This species qualifies as Vulnerable because it has a very small population, which is dependent on on-going intensive management measures to mitigate the impact of threats such as poisoning, electrocution and insufficient food availability, as well as the increasing cooperation of land-owners.
648 mature individuals
Distribution size (breeding/resident):
Land-mass type - continent - Continents are land masses > bigger than Australia (=7,682,300 sq km).
Realm - Palearctic - realm
IUCN Ecosystem -- Freshwater biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome
Raptors MOU - Species listed under annex 1 of the Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Birds of Prey in Africa and Eurasia