Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti

Family: Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles)

Authority: Brehm, 1861

Red List Category

Criteria: D1

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Justification of Red List category
This species qualifies as Vulnerable because it has a very small population, which is dependent on continuing intensive management measures to mitigate the impact of threats such as poisoning, electrocution, shooting, collision with wind turbines and insufficient food availability. Having increased steadily during the end of the 20th and beginning of the 21st century, the population now appears to have reached a plateau.

Population size: 1060-1080

Population trend: Increasing

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 282,000 km2

Country endemic: No

Land-mass type - continent
Realm - Palearctic
IUCN Ecosystem -- Freshwater biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome
Raptors MOU

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Species factsheet: Aquila adalberti. Downloaded from on 01/10/2023. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2023) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from on 01/10/2023.