NT
Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnea



Family: Laridae (Gulls, Terns, Skimmers)

Authority: (Phipps, 1774)

Red List Category

Criteria: A2bcd+3bcd+4bcd

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Justification of Red List category
This species has declined rapidly in parts of its range, but its status in other areas is poorly known. A number of factors are likely to be contributing to declines, including climate change, pollution and increasing human intrusion or hunting within breeding areas. It is currently considered Near Threatened; but further surveys are required in order to clarify the true magnitude of declines.



Population size: 38000-52000

Population trend: Decreasing

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 40,400,000 km2

Country endemic: No

Attributes
Realm - Nearctic
Realm - Palearctic
IUCN Ecosystem -- Marine biome

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2017) Species factsheet: Pagophila eburnea. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/10/2017. Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2017) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/10/2017.