Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnea

Family: Laridae (Gulls, Terns, Skimmers)

Authority: (Phipps, 1774)

Red List Category

Criteria: A2bcd+3bcd+4bcd

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Justification of Red List category
This species has declined rapidly in parts of its range, but its status in other areas is poorly known. A number of factors are likely to be contributing to declines, including climate change, pollution and increasing human intrusion or hunting within breeding areas. It is currently considered Near Threatened; but further surveys are required in order to clarify the true magnitude of declines.

Population size: 38000-52000 mature individuals

Population trend: decreasing

Extent of occurrence (breeding/resident): 40,100,000 km2

Country endemic: no

Realm - Nearctic
Realm - Palearctic
IUCN Ecosystem -- Marine biome

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Species factsheet: Pagophila eburnea. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/species/factsheet/ivory-gull-pagophila-eburnea on 25/02/2024.
Recommended citation for factsheets for more than one species: BirdLife International (2024) IUCN Red List for birds. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org on 25/02/2024.