Red List Category
for more information about the Red List categories and criteria
Justification of Red List category
This species appears to have suffered a rapid population decline, evidenced in its core wintering range, as a result of widespread and extensive habitat destruction. It therefore qualifies as Vulnerable. However, data are scarce and some birds may have relocated to alternative wintering sites. Apparent increases in Iraq and the western Mediterranean population probably reflect improved observer coverage rather than genuine changes. This population has suffered a long-ter
m decline and widespread loss of habitat.
Distribution size (breeding/resident):
Land-mass type - continent - Continents are land masses > bigger than Australia (=7,682,300 sq km).
Realm - Afrotropical - realm
Realm - Indomalayan - realm
Realm - Palearctic - realm
IUCN Ecosystem -- Freshwater biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome
IUCN Ecosystem -- Marine biome