Red List Category
for more information about the Red List categories and criteria
Justification of Red List category
This species is classified as Vulnerable because it is suspected to have suffered a rapid
population decline over the last 12 years (three generations), based on the rate of forest destruction throughout its range, which is now highly fragmented. It is also heavily persecuted in
some parts of its range. This decline is likely to continue in the future, and it is possible the species will disappear from all but a few protected areas. Effective protection is essential
for the maximum number of sites where it still occurs.
50000-99999 mature individuals
Distribution size (breeding/resident):
Land-mass type - continent - Continents are land masses > bigger than Australia (=7,682,300 sq km).
Realm - Afrotropical - realm
IUCN Ecosystem -- Terrestrial biome