Semi-arid plateaus and mountains near the Iranian border with some broadleaved forests. The area, which has a high population density, was formerly part of the border zone, with all land-uses prohibited, but there is now intensive sheep-grazing and some forestry.
Among other breeding raptors at this site are Circaetus gallicus, Buteo rufinus, Aquila chrysaetos and Bubo bubo. Alectoris chukar and Perdix perdix also breed, as do passerines such as Phoenicurus erythrogaster, Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax, Carpospiza brachydactyla and Emberiza buchanani.
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Zuvand upland. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/01/2020.