Zululand


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: -

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2016 high not assessed high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) very rapid to severe deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - intentional use: subsistence/sml scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) very rapid to severe deterioration low
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) very rapid to severe deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - small dams happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - suppression in fire frequency/intensity happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - nutrient loads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Forest Lowland forest - dry deciduous 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Forest Montane forest - mixed 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Savanna Wooded grassland 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes and pools 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Zululand Rhino Reserve Nature Reserve 18,402 protected area contained by site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Savanna Bushland & thicket - evergreen, Bushland & thicket - deciduous, Wooded grassland -
Forest Lowland forest - dry deciduous, Lowland forest - riparian, Montane forest - mixed -
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes and pools -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land ownership
Land is mostly owned by private land owners as well as communal lands. 


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Zululand. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 07/12/2021.