Zile forest area

Country/territory: Latvia

IBA Criteria met: A1, B2 (2000)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 13,000 ha

Latvijas Ornitologijas Biedriba

Site description
A vast Pinus forest, the majority of which burnt down in 1911 and was later restored by planting. About 1,000 ha have not been cut since then. Ground conditions vary widely, from dry areas to wet depressions. In the north, the area borders the Gauja river, where there are many oxbow lakes and natural flood-plain meadows on terraces. The Gauja valley is rich in stands of old broadleaved forest. Human activities include forestry and hunting.

Key biodiversity
The most important site for Caprimulgus europaeus in Latvia. The IBA also supports a diverse assemblage of breeding birds of open and closed forest and of riverine wetlands.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Zile forest area. Downloaded from on 28/06/2022.