Country/territory: Kazakhstan

IBA criteria met: A1, A3 (2007)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 938 ha

Association for the Conservation of Biodiversity in Kazakhstan
IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2014 near favourable high negligible
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Site description (2005 baseline)
An area of Asiatic Poplar ("Turanga") in the desert zone, near the Topar stream of the Ily river, several hundred meters from Zheltoranga village. Open forest with different age trees, including many old ones with holes, and a complex of hole-breeding birds. About half of the territory is open, with low grass and patches of scrub. There are some sand dunes.

Key biodiversity
There is a complex of hole-breeding and tree & bush species of the desert zone here. Of the breeding species, the most typical are: Tadorna ferruginea, Falco tinnunculus, Accipiter badius, Milvus migrans, Phasianus colchicus, Columba eversmanni, Otus brucei, Dendrocopus leucopterus, Upupa epops, Coracias garrulus, Sylvia curruca, Phylloscopus trochiloides, Luscinia megarhynchos, Parus bokharensis, Parus cyanus, Lanius phoenicuroides, Corvus monedula, Sturnus vulgaris, Acridotheres tristis, Passer ammodendri, and periodically, Buteo rufinus, Haliaeetus albicilla and Aquila heliaca are observed.

Non-bird biodiversity: Main wood species is turanga - Asiatic Poplar (Populus diversifolia). The common bushes are Halimodendron argenteum (about 50%), Tamarix spp. (30% ), Saxaul - Arthrophytum acutifolium (20%). Of grasses the most common is Teresken (Eurotia ceratoides), mainly on the sand hills; cereals are almost absent. The most common and numerous mammal is Citellus fulvus. Of reptiles the commonest are Elaphe dione and several species of Eremias spp.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Zheltoranga. Downloaded from on 26/02/2024.