Zharkol Lakes

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2004

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN passage 2004 48 individuals A1
Greylag Goose Anser anser LC passage 2004 215,000 individuals A4i
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons LC passage 2004 85,000 individuals A4i
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus VU passage 2004 13 individuals A1
Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula LC passage 2004 660 individuals A4i
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a passage 2004 309,030 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2015 medium very unfavourable not assessed
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather drought likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Artificial/Terrestrial Highly improved reseeded grasslands 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Grassland Steppes & dry calcareous 0 0 good (> 90%) poor (40-69%) unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) Standing fresh water 0 0 very poor (< 40%) very poor (< 40%) very unfavourable
Wetlands (inland) Water-fringe vegetation 0 0 very poor (< 40%) moderate (70-90%) very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Dry grassland on sandy soils, Mesophile grassland & tall grass steppe, Steppes & dry calcareous -
Wetlands (inland) Standing fresh water, Water-fringe vegetation -
Artificial/Terrestrial Arable land, Highly improved reseeded grasslands -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
rangeland/pastureland -
hunting -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Zharkol Lakes. Downloaded from on 02/02/2023.