Located on the southern slopes of the central Himalayas, at the southern tip of Nyalam County, with Nepal to the south. The IBA has high mountains and deep valleys. The dense vegetation shows prominent vertical zonation, with broadleaf evergreen forest (1,600-2,500 m), coniferous-broadleaf mixed forest (2,500-3,100 m), alpine coniferous forest (3,100-4,000 m) and alpine scrub (4,000-4,500 m).
Non-bird biodiversity: Nationally protected animals include Presbytis entellus (a primate endemic to the Himalayas), Ursus arctos, Selenarctos thibetanus, Ailurus fulgens, Moschus chrysogaster and Capricornis sumatraensis.
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Zham. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/08/2022.