Zevulun valley

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1994

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala EN winter 1991 80-150 individuals A1, B1i, B2
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata LC winter 1991 5,500 individuals B1i
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC passage 1991 350-500 individuals B1i
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC winter 1991 125-150 individuals B1i
White Stork Ciconia ciconia LC passage 1991 18,500 individuals B1i
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus LC passage 1991 1,500-2,000 individuals B1i
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax LC breeding 1991 275-300 breeding pairs B1i
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis LC resident 1991 280-325 breeding pairs B1i
Great White Egret Ardea alba LC winter 1991 650-850 individuals B1i
Little Egret Egretta garzetta LC breeding 1991 250-275 breeding pairs A4i, B1i
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus LC passage 1991 37,000 individuals B1i
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus LC winter 1991 92 individuals A1, B2
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC passage 1991 200-300 individuals B1i
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus NT winter 1991 1,434 individuals B1i
Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius CR winter 1991 21 individuals A1, B2
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni NT passage 1991 50-350 individuals A1, B2
Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans LC winter 1991 3,500-5,000 individuals B1i
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga VU winter 1992 22 individuals A1, B2
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes n/a passage 1991 55,500 individuals A4iv, B1iv

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
1994 high not assessed not assessed
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Not assessed Not assessed Not assessed not assessed
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Zevulun Valley Nature Reserve 6 protected area contained by site 6
En Nimefit Nature Reserve 7 protected area contained by site 0
En Afeq Nature Reserve Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 66 protected area contained by site 66
En Afeq Nature Reserve 66 protected area contained by site 66


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Wetlands (inland) -
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport -
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Zevulun valley. Downloaded from on 04/08/2020.