UK270
Ythan Estuary, Sands of Forvie and Meikle Loch


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Pink-footed Goose Anser brachyrhynchus LC winter 2000-2005 18,480 individuals A4i, B1i, C3
Little Tern Sternula albifrons LC breeding 2000 58 breeding pairs C6
Little Tern Sternula albifrons LC breeding 2006 22 breeding pairs C6
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC breeding 2000 524 breeding pairs B1i, B2, C2, C6
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC breeding 2006 814 breeding pairs B1i, B2, C2, C6

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 medium very unfavourable medium
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Population
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Anser brachyrhynchus Pink-footed Goose 17900 18480 individuals 100 favourable
Sternula albifrons Little Tern 58 22 breeding pairs 38 very unfavourable
Thalasseus sandvicensis Sandwich Tern 1120 814 breeding pairs 73 near favourable
Species group - waterbirds A4iii 26709 18480 individuals 70 near favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Ythan Estuary; Sands of Forvie and Meikle Loch Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 1,015 is identical to site 1,012
Ythan Estuary & Meikle Loch Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 314 protected area overlaps with site 314
Sands of Forvie and Ythan Estuary Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 993 protected area overlaps with site 976
Sands Of Forvie Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 735 protected area contained by site 735
Meikle Loch and Kippet Hills Site of Special Scientific Interest (UK) 73 protected area overlaps with site 0
Meikle Loch Nature Reserve 29 protected area overlaps with site 0
Forvie National Nature Reserve 990 protected area overlaps with site 973
Buchan Ness to Collieston Coast Marine Protected Area (OSPAR) 0 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Buchan Ness to Collieston Coast Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 5,401 protected area is adjacent to site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Heathland -
Wetlands (inland) Tidal rivers and enclosed tidal waters, Mud flats and sand flats, Salt marshes, Sand dunes and beaches, Standing freshwater, Rivers and streams, Water fringe vegetation -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
nature conservation and research -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ythan Estuary, Sands of Forvie and Meikle Loch. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/01/2022.