Yashma Island

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2005 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula LC winter 1996-2004 1,000-24,753 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Coot Fulica atra LC winter 1996-2004 400-1,000 individuals B1i
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus NT passage 1996-2004 22 individuals A1
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus LC winter 1996-2004 20-57 individuals A1
Slender-billed Curlew Numenius tenuirostris CR passage 1988 1 individuals A1, B1i
Common Tern Sterna hirundo LC breeding 1996-2004 1,100 breeding pairs B1i
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis LC breeding 1996-2004 1,235 breeding pairs B1i
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a passage 1996 20,000-30,000 individuals A4iii

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2005).


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Water fringe vegetation, Sand dunes and beaches, Standing brackish and salt water -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
urban/industrial/transport -
fisheries/aquaculture -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Yashma Island. Downloaded from on 08/12/2023.