Ya Lop lies on the Tay Nguyen plateau, and consists of an area of currently undisturbed dry deciduous forest in the north-west of Dak Lak province, adjacent to the border with Cambodia. The boundary of the IBA is defined by a belt of forest around the outer side of the Ya Lop and Ea H'Leo rivers, such that both banks of each of these rivers are included. Rainfall is relatively low at the site and very seasonal.
Ya Lop supports significant populations of a number of bird species, including Green Peafowl Pavo muticus and Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus.
Non-bird biodiversity: Le Xuan Canh et al. (1997) recorded Gaur Bos gaurus and Banteng bos javanicus at Ya Lop from tracks and signs in the field.
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ya Lop. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/02/2020.