Xingkai Hu Nature Reserve

Year of compilation: 2009

Site description
Xingkai Hu Nature Reserve includes the northern part of Xingkai Hu (known as Lake Khanka in Russia), where the ratio of open water to wetlands is 5:1. The coniferous and broadleaf mixed forests by the lake shores are utilized by forest birds.

Key biodiversity

Non-bird biodiversity: The core area is the natural range of Nycterentes pyocyonoides and Ondatra zibethicus. Nationally protected plants include Pinus takahasii.

Conservation responses/actions for key biodiversity
Established as a provincial-level nature reserve in 1986, upgraded to Xingkai Hu National Nature Reserve in 1994, and designated in 2002 as a ‘Wetland of International Importance’ (or Ramsar site) under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands and in 2007 as a ‘Biosphere Reserve’ under UNESCO’s Man and Biosphere (MAB) Programme. The nature reserve is planning to form a management committee, and to have transboundary management with an adjacent nature reserve in Russia.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Xingkai Hu Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 06/02/2023.