ZA093
Wilderness - Sedgefield Lakes Complex


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1998

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Cape Francolin Pternistis capensis LC resident 1998 present A3
Southern Pochard Netta erythrophthalma LC non-breeding - 825-2,795 individuals A4i
Cape Shoveler Spatula smithii LC non-breeding - 767-2,700 individuals A4i
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus LC non-breeding - 163-260 individuals A4i
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis LC non-breeding - 382-1,738 individuals A4i
Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata LC non-breeding - 5,280-18,698 individuals A4i
Knysna Turaco Tauraco corythaix LC resident 1998 present A2
Knysna Woodpecker Campethera notata NT resident 1998 present A2
Victorin's Warbler Cryptillas victorini LC resident 1998 present A3
Cape Bulbul Pycnonotus capensis LC resident 1998 present A3
Chorister Robin-chat Cossypha dichroa LC resident 1998 present A2
Cape Sugarbird Promerops cafer LC resident 1998 present A3
Orange-breasted Sunbird Anthobaphes violacea LC resident 1998 present A3
Forest Canary Crithagra scotops LC resident 1998 present A2
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a non-breeding - 20,000 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 high unfavourable high
Was the whole site covered? No State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - agro-industry plantations happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather drought likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (commercial use) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - nutrient loads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - run-off happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution garbage & solid waste likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution industrial & military effluents - type unknown/unrecorded likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Forest Montane forest - mixed 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Shrubland Shrubland - Cape (fynbos) 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Wilderness National Park National Park 2,393 protected area contained by site 2,393
Wilderness Lakes Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 1,133 protected area contained by site 1,300
Southview Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 28 protected area overlaps with site 0
Samland Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 9 protected area contained by site 0
Otters Creek Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 4 protected area contained by site 0
Lake Pleasant Private Nature Reserve Section No.6 Nature Reserve 10 protected area contained by site 0
Lake Pleasant Private Nature Reserve Section No.5 Nature Reserve 5 protected area contained by site 0
Lake Pleasant Private Nature Reserve Section No.4 Nature Reserve 6 protected area contained by site 0
Lake Pleasant Private Nature Reserve Section No.3 Nature Reserve 3 protected area contained by site 0
Lake Pleasant Private Nature Reserve Section No.2 Nature Reserve 153 protected area contained by site 0
Lake Pleasant Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 4 protected area contained by site 0
Goukamma Provincial Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 2,310 protected area overlaps with site 2,170
Goukamma Marine Protected Area Marine Protected Area 3,397 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Garden Route National Park National Park 126,386 protected area overlaps with site 0
Cape Floral Region Protected Areas World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 1,094,742 protected area overlaps with site 0
Bosnes Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 4 protected area contained by site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Montane forest - mixed -
Shrubland Shrubland - Cape (fynbos) -
Sea Sand dunes and beaches - coastal -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
other -
tourism/recreation -
water management -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Wilderness - Sedgefield Lakes Complex. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 07/12/2021.