Western Negev

IBA Justification

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1994

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population at site IBA criteria triggered
Common Crane Grus grus LC winter 1991 2,800 individuals B1i
Asian Houbara Chlamydotis macqueenii VU breeding 1991 50 breeding pairs A1, B2
Black Stork Ciconia nigra LC passage 1991 1,000-1,500 individuals B1i
White Stork Ciconia ciconia LC passage 1991 35,000-50,000 individuals B1i, B2
Eurasian Dotterel Eudromias morinellus LC winter 1991 250 individuals B1i
Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus NT winter 1991 1,000 individuals B1i
Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius CR winter 1991 21 individuals A1, B2
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola LC passage 1991 200 individuals B1i
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga VU winter 1992 21 individuals A1, B2
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca VU winter 1991 30 individuals A1, B2
Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus LC breeding 1991 1 breeding pairs B2
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes n/a passage 1991 60,000-75,500 individuals A4iv, B1iv

Note: The current IUCN Red List category may differ from the category that was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment.

For more information about the IBA criteria, please click here

IBA Conservation

IBA conservation status - summary
Year of assessment (most recent) Threat (pressure) Condition (state) Action (response)
2013 high not assessed negligible
Was the whole site assessed? yes Condition (state) assessed by unset
Accuracy of information unknown

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low

Conservation actions taken at the site (response)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management planning has taken place Some limited conservation initiatives are in place negligible
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Shivta National Park 47 protected area contained by site 0
Nizzana National Park 225 protected area contained by site 0
Nahal Ha-Besor Ve Nahal Beer sheva Nature Reserve 373 protected area contained by site 0
Mazuq HaZinnim Nature Reserve 61,956 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Makhtesh Be'eri Nature Reserve 139 protected area overlaps with site 0
Holot Nizzanim Nature Reserve 770 protected area contained by site 770
Holot Mash'abbim Nature Reserve 1,281 protected area contained by site 1,300
Holot Agur Nature Reserve 17,613 protected area contained by site 0
Ha Besor Nature Reserve 998 protected area contained by site 998
Eshkol National Park 50 protected area contained by site 0


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Desert -
Grassland -
For further information about the IUCN habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
urban/industrial/transport -
nature conservation and research -
rangeland/pastureland -
military -
For further information about the land-use classification, please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Western Negev. Downloaded from on 11/06/2023.