West Hammar

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2014

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris NT resident 2007-2010 700 breeding pairs A1, A4i
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris NT winter 2005-2010 1,800-4,400 individuals A1, A4i
Spotted Sandgrouse Pterocles senegallus LC resident 2005-2010 40 breeding pairs A3
Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius LC breeding 2005-2010 300 breeding pairs A3
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus LC winter 2005-2010 3,200 individuals A4i
Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus LC breeding 2005-2010 1,500 breeding pairs A4i
White-tailed Lapwing Vanellus leucurus LC resident 2005-2010 1,000 breeding pairs A3
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei LC breeding 2005-2010 3,600 breeding pairs A4i
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida LC resident 2005-2010 1,800 breeding pairs A4i
Pallid Scops-owl Otus brucei LC resident 2005-2010 20 breeding pairs A3
Greater Hoopoe-lark Alaemon alaudipes LC resident 2005-2010 10 breeding pairs A3
Basra Reed-warbler Acrocephalus griseldis EN breeding 2005-2010 1,000 breeding pairs A1, A2, A3
White-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus leucotis LC resident 2005-2010 200 breeding pairs A3
Iraq Babbler Argya altirostris LC resident 2005-2010 2,000 breeding pairs A2, A3
Hypocolius Hypocolius ampelinus LC breeding 2005-2010 500 breeding pairs A3
Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus LC resident 2005-2010 1,300 breeding pairs A3, A4ii
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 2005-2010 50,000-99,999 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2014 very high not assessed negligible
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) Not assessed Not assessed negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
The Ahwar of Southern Iraq: Refuge of Biodiversity and the Relict Landscape of the Mesopotamian Cities World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 211,544 protected area overlaps with site 0
Hammar Marsh Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 180,000 protected area overlaps with site 0


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Bogs, marshes, swamps, fens & peatlands -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
energy production and mining -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: West Hammar. Downloaded from on 29/03/2023.