ZA084
West Coast National Park and Saldanha Bay islands


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1998

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Phoenicopterus ruber NR non-breeding - 3,791-8,724 individuals A4i
African Penguin Spheniscus demersus EN resident - frequent A1
Cape Gannet Morus capensis EN resident - 20,200 breeding pairs A1, A4ii
Cape Gannet Morus capensis EN non-breeding - 40,000-50,000 individuals A1, A4ii
Crowned Cormorant Microcarbo coronatus NT resident - 500-600 breeding pairs A1, A4i
Crowned Cormorant Microcarbo coronatus NT non-breeding - 1,000-1,200 individuals A1, A4i
Cape Cormorant Phalacrocorax capensis EN resident - 4,000-10,000 breeding pairs A1, A4i
Cape Cormorant Phalacrocorax capensis EN non-breeding - 12,000-32,000 individuals A1, A4i
Bank Cormorant Phalacrocorax neglectus EN resident - 220-300 breeding pairs A1, A4i
Bank Cormorant Phalacrocorax neglectus EN non-breeding - 500-600 individuals A1, A4i
African Oystercatcher Haematopus moquini LC resident - 150-170 breeding pairs A1, A4i
African Oystercatcher Haematopus moquini LC non-breeding - 528-607 individuals A1, A4i
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC non-breeding - 127-307 individuals A4i
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola LC winter - 3,643-8,228 individuals A4i
Kittlitz's Plover Charadrius pecuarius LC non-breeding - 1,000-2,000 individuals A4i
White-fronted Plover Charadrius marginatus LC non-breeding - 2,000-4,000 individuals A4i
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres LC winter - 1,963-4,587 individuals A4i
Red Knot Calidris canutus NT winter - 2,504-6,219 individuals A4i
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea NT winter - 17,940-25,347 individuals A4i
Sanderling Calidris alba LC winter - 1,229-2,643 individuals A4i
Hartlaub's Gull Larus hartlaubii LC breeding - 2,000-3,000 breeding pairs A4i
Hartlaub's Gull Larus hartlaubii LC non-breeding - 5,000-7,000 individuals A4i
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus LC breeding - 500-3,347 breeding pairs A4i
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus LC non-breeding - 1,407-8,000 individuals A4i
Common Tern Sterna hirundo LC winter - 1,299-9,658 individuals A4i
Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii LC breeding - 50-4,070 breeding pairs A4i
Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii LC non-breeding - 203-9,000 individuals A4i
Black Harrier Circus maurus EN resident - present A1
A4iii Species group - seabirds n/a resident - 50,000-99,999 individuals A4iii
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a non-breeding - 20,000-49,999 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 high favourable high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification marine and freshwater aquaculture - industrial aquaculture happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather drought likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution air-borne pollutants - smog happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution excess energy - light pollution happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution industrial & military effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors shipping lanes happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Shrubland Shrubland - Cape (fynbos) 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) near favourable
Wetlands (inland) Salt marshes 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) near favourable

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Phoenicopterus roseus Greater Flamingo 8724 7183 individuals 83 near favourable
Spheniscus demersus African Penguin 1600 456 breeding pairs 29 very unfavourable
Morus capensis Cape Gannet 50000 30000 individuals 60 unfavourable
Microcarbo coronatus Crowned Cormorant 1200 308 individuals 26 very unfavourable
Phalacrocorax capensis Cape Cormorant 32000 848 individuals 3 very unfavourable
Phalacrocorax neglectus Bank Cormorant 300 62 breeding pairs 21 very unfavourable
Haematopus moquini African Oystercatcher 607 137 individuals 23 very unfavourable
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet 307 249 individuals 82 near favourable
Pluvialis squatarola Grey Plover 8228 6432 individuals 79 near favourable
Charadrius pecuarius Kittlitz's Plover 2000 348 individuals 18 very unfavourable
Calidris canutus Red Knot 6219 2521 individuals 41 unfavourable
Calidris ferruginea Curlew Sandpiper 25347 24951 individuals 99 favourable
Calidris alba Sanderling 2643 7441 individuals 100 favourable
Sterna hirundo Common Tern 9658 2026 individuals 21 very unfavourable
Circus maurus Black Harrier 30 7 individuals 24 very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
West Coast National Park National Park 24,182 protected area contained by site 32,494
Langebaan Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 6,000 protected area contained by site 6,000
Cape West Coast Biosphere Reserve Biosphere Reserve 386,158 protected area contains site 27,600

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Coastal lagoons, Salt marshes -
Shrubland Shrubland - Cape (fynbos) -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
other -
nature conservation and research -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: West Coast National Park and Saldanha Bay islands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/12/2019.