Washington Point, Baillie-Hamilton Island

Country/territory: Canada

IBA Criteria met: -
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 1 ha

Birds Canada / Nature Canada

Site description
Washington Point is located on the southeast corner of Baillie-Hamilton Island, which is situated approximately 15 kilometres north of Cornwallis Island. Baillie-Hamilton Island is flat-topped and surrounded by steep coastal cliffs that reach up to 215 metres above the sea below. The Washington Point cliffs are composed of Lower Devonian limestone. A polynya develops north of the island in January and continues until ice breakup.

Key biodiversity
During the 1970s, a large colony of Black-legged Kittiwakes was present on the cliffs of Washington Point. Surveys showed that approximately 3,000 pairs were present, which is over 1% of the Atlantic population and of continentally significance. This colony is one of the most northern breeding sites for this species in the eastern Canadian arctic. The birds typically arrive at the cliffs around mid-May and have departed by early October. No recent surveys have been conducted to see ascertain the present status of the colony.

Glaucous Gulls and Black Guillemots also breed on the cliffs.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Washington Point, Baillie-Hamilton Island. Downloaded from on 18/08/2022.