|Most recent IBA monitoring assessment|
|Year of assessment||Threat score (pressure)||Condition score (state)||Action score (response)|
|For more information about IBA monitoring please click here|
An extensive 'wilderness' area of desert sand-dunes, gravel outwash plains and mudflats, c.160 km long by up to 25 km wide (widest between Jabal Fidan and Umm Muthla). There is some open bushland of Acacia tortilis, A. raddiana and Ziziphus; Tamarix and Phragmites occur locally in the lowest areas. Main land-use is nomadic pastoralism, with a minor but increasing amount of irrigated cultivation. Large areas are military zones.
See box for key species. Eremalauda dunni breeds in large numbers after good rains. Neophron percnopterus, Gyps fulvus, Onychognathus tristramii and Carpodacus synoicus breed in the hills bordering the wadi, adjoining this site.
Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals: Canis lupus (V), Felis margarita (rare), Caracal caracal (rare) and Gazella dorcas (V). Reptiles: Varanus griseus (rare).
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Wadi Araba. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/07/2020.