CD010
Virunga National Park


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2001

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Handsome Francolin Pternistis nobilis LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Blue-headed Wood-dove Turtur brehmeri LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Bates's Nightjar Caprimulgus batesi LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Caprimulgus nigriscapularis NR resident 2000 present A3
Caprimulgus ruwenzorii NR resident 2000 present A2, A3
Sabine's Spinetail Rhaphidura sabini LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Schoutedenapus myoptilus NR resident 2000 present A3
Bates's Swift Apus batesi LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Yellow-throated Cuckoo Chrysococcyx flavigularis LC resident 2000 present A3
Dusky Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx mechowi LC resident 2000 present A3
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra LC resident 2000 present A3
Ruwenzori Turaco Gallirex johnstoni LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Shoebill Balaeniceps rex VU resident 2000 present A1
African Long-eared Owl Asio abyssinicus LC resident 2000 present A3
Bubo poensis NR resident 2000 unknown A3
Congo Serpent-eagle Dryotriorchis spectabilis LC resident 2000 present A3
Cassin's Hawk-eagle Aquila africana LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Chestnut-flanked Sparrowhawk Accipiter castanilius LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Long-tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus LC resident 2000 present A3
Buteo oreophilus NR resident 2000 present A3
Bare-cheeked Trogon Apaloderma aequatoriale LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum LC resident 2000 present A3
Dwarf Hornbill Lophoceros camurus LC resident 2000 present A3
Tockus hartlaubi NR resident 2000 present A3
Tockus fasciatus NR resident 2000 present A3
Black-casqued Hornbill Ceratogymna atrata LC resident 2000 present A3
White-thighed Hornbill Bycanistes albotibialis LC resident 2000 present A3
Tropicranus albocristatus NR resident 2000 present A3
Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater Merops oreobates LC resident 2000 present A3
Black Bee-eater Merops gularis LC resident 2000 present A3
Merops muelleri NR resident 2000 present A3
Blue-throated Roller Eurystomus gularis LC resident 2000 present A3
African Dwarf-kingfisher Ispidina lecontei LC resident 2000 present A3
Chocolate-backed Kingfisher Halcyon badia LC resident 2000 present A3
Trachyphonus purpuratus NR resident 2000 present A3
Yellow-spotted Barbet Buccanodon duchaillui LC resident 2000 present A3
Sladen's Barbet Gymnobucco sladeni LC resident 2000 present A3
Speckled Tinkerbird Pogoniulus scolopaceus LC resident 2000 present A3
Western Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus coryphaea LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Red-rumped Tinkerbird Pogoniulus atroflavus LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Yellow-throated Tinkerbird Pogoniulus subsulphureus LC resident 2000 present A3
Hairy-breasted Barbet Tricholaema hirsuta LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Cassin's Honeybird Prodotiscus insignis LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Zenker's Honeyguide Melignomon zenkeri LC resident 2000 present A3
Dwarf Honeyguide Indicator pumilio NT resident 2000 unknown A2, A3
Willcocks's Honeyguide Indicator willcocksi LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Spotted Honeyguide Indicator maculatus LC resident 2000 present A3
Lyre-tailed Honeyguide Melichneutes robustus LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Buff-spotted Woodpecker Campethera nivosa LC resident 2000 present A3
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli LC resident 2000 present A3
Campethera tullbergi NR resident 2000 present A3
Yellow-crested Woodpecker Dendropicos xantholophus LC resident 2000 present A3
Dendropicos gabonensis NR resident 2000 present A3
Psittacus erithacus NR resident 2000 present A3
Black-collared Lovebird Agapornis swindernianus LC resident 2000 present A3
Green-breasted Pitta Pitta reichenowi LC resident 2000 present A3
Grey-headed Broadbill Smithornis sharpei LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Rufous-sided Broadbill Smithornis rufolateralis LC resident 2000 present A3
Western Black-headed Oriole Oriolus brachyrynchus LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Mountain Oriole Oriolus percivali LC resident 2000 present A3
Grauer's Cuckooshrike Ceblepyris graueri NT resident 2000 unknown A2, A3
Grey Cuckooshrike Ceblepyris caesius LC resident 2000 present A3
Petit's Cuckooshrike Campephaga petiti LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Yellow-crested Helmetshrike Prionops alberti VU resident 2000 present A1, A2, A3
African Shrike-flycatcher Megabyas flammulatus LC resident 2000 present A3
Ruwenzori Batis Batis diops LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Jameson's Wattle-eye Dyaphorophyia jamesoni LC resident 2000 present A3
Dyaphorophyia castanea NR resident 2000 present A3
Fiery-breasted Bush-shrike Malaconotus cruentus LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri NT resident 2000 present A1, A3
Laniarius poensis NR resident 2000 present A3
Doherty's Bush-shrike Telophorus dohertyi LC resident 2000 present A3
Western Crested-flycatcher Trochocercus nitens LC resident 2000 present A3
Bedford's Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone bedfordi NT resident 2000 present A1, A3
Terpsiphone rufiventer NR resident 2000 present A3
Violet-backed Hyliota Hyliota violacea LC resident 2000 present A3
White-tailed Crested-flycatcher Elminia albonotata LC resident 2000 present A3
Dusky Tit Melaniparus funereus LC resident 2000 present A3
Stripe-breasted Tit Melaniparus fasciiventer LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Western Nicator Nicator chloris LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Green Crombec Sylvietta virens LC resident 2000 unknown A3
White-browed Crombec Sylvietta leucophrys LC resident 2000 present A3
Yellow Longbill Macrosphenus flavicans LC resident 2000 present A3
Grey Longbill Macrosphenus concolor LC resident 2000 present A3
Rufous-crowned Eremomela Eremomela badiceps LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Turner's Eremomela Eremomela turneri NT resident 2000 unknown A3
Ruwenzori Apalis Oreolais ruwenzorii LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Black-faced Apalis Apalis personata LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Chestnut-throated Apalis Apalis porphyrolaema LC resident 2000 present A3
Camaroptera chloronota NR resident 2000 present A3
Cisticola chubbi NR resident 2000 present A3
Calamonastides gracilirostris NR resident 2000 unknown A3
Mountain Yellow Warbler Iduna similis LC resident 2000 present A3
Grauer's Swamp-warbler Bradypterus graueri EN resident 2000 present A1, A2, A3
Cinnamon Bracken-warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus LC resident 2000 present A3
Square-tailed Saw-wing Psalidoprocne nitens LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Andropadus nigriceps NR resident 2000 present A3
Red-tailed Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus LC resident 2000 present A3
Spotted Greenbul Ixonotus guttatus LC resident 2000 present A3
Swamp Palm Bulbul Thescelocichla leucopleura LC resident 2000 present A3
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator LC resident 2000 present A3
Joyful Greenbul Chlorocichla laetissima LC resident 2000 present A3
Simple Greenbul Chlorocichla simplex LC resident 2000 present A3
Shelley's Greenbul Arizelocichla masukuensis LC resident 2000 present A3
Grey Greenbul Eurillas gracilis LC resident 2000 present A3
Plain Greenbul Eurillas curvirostris LC resident 2000 present A3
Red-tailed Greenbul Criniger calurus LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Xavier's Greenbul Phyllastrephus xavieri LC resident 2000 present A3
Toro Olive Greenbul Phyllastrephus hypochloris LC resident 2000 present A3
Phyllastrephus icterinus NR resident 2000 present A3
Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens LC resident 2000 present A3
Red-faced Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus laetus LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Green Hylia Hylia prasina LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Sylvia abyssinica NR resident 2000 present A3
Brown Illadopsis Illadopsis fulvescens LC resident 2000 present A3
Mountain Illadopsis Illadopsis pyrrhoptera LC resident 2000 present A3
Scaly-breasted Illadopsis Illadopsis albipectus LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Phyllanthus atripennis NR resident 2000 present A3
Black-lored Babbler Turdoides sharpei LC resident 2000 present A3
Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris LC resident 2000 present A3
Chestnut-winged Starling Onychognathus fulgidus LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Waller's Starling Onychognathus walleri LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Sharpe's Starling Pholia sharpii LC resident 2000 present A3
Stuhlmann's Starling Poeoptera stuhlmanni LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Narrow-tailed Starling Poeoptera lugubris LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Purple-headed Starling Hylopsar purpureiceps LC resident 2000 unknown A3
White-tailed Ant-thrush Neocossyphus poensis LC resident 2000 present A3
Stizorhina fraseri NR resident 2000 present A3
Zoothera tanganjicae NR resident 2000 present A1, A2, A3
Geokichla piaggiae NR resident 2000 present A3
Alethe diademata NR resident 2000 present A3
Little Grey Flycatcher Muscicapa epulata LC resident 2000 present A3
Yellow-footed Flycatcher Muscicapa sethsmithi LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Dusky-blue Flycatcher Bradornis comitatus LC resident 2000 present A3
African Forest-flycatcher Fraseria ocreata LC resident 2000 present A3
Olivaceous Flycatcher Fraseria olivascens LC resident 2000 present A3
White-eyed Slaty-flycatcher Melaenornis fischeri LC resident 2000 present A3
Archer's Robin-chat Dessonornis archeri LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata LC resident 2000 present A3
Red-throated Alethe Chamaetylas poliophrys LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Blue-shouldered Robin-chat Cossypha cyanocampter LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Stiphrornis erythrothorax NR resident 2000 unknown A3
Equatorial Akalat Sheppardia aequatorialis LC resident 2000 present A3
Grey-chested Kakamega Kakamega poliothorax LC resident 2000 present A3
Deleornis fraseri NR resident 2000 unknown A3
Anthreptes rectirostris NR resident 2000 present A3
Blue-throated Brown Sunbird Cyanomitra cyanolaema LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Blue-headed Sunbird Cyanomitra alinae LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Green-throated Sunbird Chalcomitra rubescens LC resident 2000 present A3
Purple-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia purpureiventris LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis LC resident 2000 present A3
Red-tufted Sunbird Nectarinia johnstoni LC resident 2000 present A3
Northern Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris reichenowi LC resident 2000 present A3
Regal Sunbird Cinnyris regius LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Rockefeller's Sunbird Cinnyris rockefelleri VU resident 2000 unknown A2, A3
Red-chested Sunbird Cinnyris erythrocercus LC resident 2000 present A3
Bates's Sunbird Cinnyris batesi LC resident 2000 present A3
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht LC resident 2000 present A3
Strange Weaver Ploceus alienus LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Black-billed Weaver Ploceus melanogaster LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Northern Brown-throated Weaver Ploceus castanops LC resident 2000 present A3
Brown-capped Weaver Ploceus insignis LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Ploceus nigerrimus NR resident 2000 present A3
Crested Malimbe Malimbus malimbicus LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Grant's Bluebill Spermophaga poliogenys LC resident 2000 present A3
Red-faced Crimsonwing Cryptospiza reichenovii LC resident 2000 present A3
Abyssinian Crimsonwing Cryptospiza salvadorii LC resident 2000 present A3
Dusky Crimsonwing Cryptospiza jacksoni LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Shelley's Crimsonwing Cryptospiza shelleyi EN resident 2000 present A1, A2, A3
Coccopygia melanotis NR resident 2000 present A3
White-collared Oliveback Nesocharis ansorgei LC resident 2000 present A3
White-breasted Nigrita Nigrita fusconotus LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Chestnut-breasted Nigrita Nigrita bicolor LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Pale-fronted Nigrita Nigrita luteifrons LC resident 2000 present A3
Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus LC resident 2000 present A3
Yellow-browed Citril Crithagra frontalis LC resident 2000 present A3
Papyrus Canary Crithagra koliensis LC resident 2000 present A3
Thick-billed Seedeater Crithagra burtoni LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Serinus striolatus NR resident 2000 present A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2001 high not assessed low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance war, civil unrest and military exercises happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation Not assessed Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Virunga Parc National 776,893 protected area contains site 780,000
Parc national des Virunga Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 800,000 protected area contains site 780,000

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial -
Unknown -
Wetlands (inland) -
Shrubland -
Savanna -
Grassland -
Forest -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Virunga National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/12/2019.