Country/territory: Cambodia

IBA Criteria met: A1, A2, A3 (2003)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 432,415 ha

NatureLife Cambodia
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2009 low favourable high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
The IBA is centred on Virachey National Park, and borders Laos to the north and Vietnam to the east. The IBA comprises all areas, primarily of evergreen and semi-evergreen forest, within and adjacent to the national park above 150 m asl. The vegetation of the IBA is dominated by dense semi-evergreen forest, interspersed with patches of true evergreen forest, upland savanna, bamboo thickets and occasional patches of mixed deciduous forest. The topography of the IBA is dominated by hills and low mountains, with most areas lying above 400 m asl, and elevations reaching over 1,500 m asl along the border with Laos. The avifauna of the IBA is quite distinct from that of lowland areas to the south and west, which are dominated by deciduous dipterocarp forest. The IBA is one of only two areas in Cambodia known to support Germain's Peacock Pheasant Polyplectron germaini, a restricted-range species. In addition, the IBA supports a number of globally threatened and near-threatened species, including Siamese Fireback Lophura diardi, Red-collared Woodpecker Picus rabieri and Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis. Virachey remains one of the most ornithologically unexplored parts of Cambodia. However, survey work in neighbouring areas of Laos and Vietnam, indicate that higher elevation areas are likely to be of particular importance for globally threatened species such as Black-hooded Laughingthrush Garrulax milleti and Black-crowned Barwing Actinodura sodangorum.

Key biodiversity
Other regionally significant bird species : Little Cormorant, Indian Cormorant, Grey Heron, Purple Heron, Woolly-necked Stork, Black-necked Stork, Cotton Pygmy-goose, Brahminy Kite, White-bellied Sea-Eagle, Great-thick Knee, River Tern, Little Tern, Orange-breasted Green Pigeon, Green Imperial Pigeon, Alexandrine Parakeet, Pied Kingfisher, Streak-throated Woodpecker, Great Slaty Woodpecker, Yellow Crown Woodpecker, Broad-and-red Broadbill, White-bellied Woodpecker.

Non-bird biodiversity: Other regionally significant mammal and primate species also occur in the area such as Tiger, Leopard, Dhole, Golden Cat, Marbled Cat, Clouded Leopard, Sambar, Sun Bear, and Pig-tailed Macaque.Slow Loris (Nycticebus coucang), [Pygmy Loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus)], Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis), Pig-tailed Macaque (Macaca nemestrina),Bear Macaque (Macaca arctoides), Douc Langur (Pygathrix nemaeus), Yellow-cheeked Gibbon (Hylobates gabriellae ) (Kong Kim Sreng pers. comm.).Impressed Tortoise (Manouria impressa).Pinus merkusii.Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus), Gaur (Bos gaurus), Banteng (Bos javanicus).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Virachey. Downloaded from on 29/06/2022.