Velavadar National Park

Country/territory: India

IBA Criteria met: A1, A4ii (2004)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 3,408 ha

Bombay Natural History Society
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 high favourable medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
A tropical grassland, internationally known for the largest concentration of Blackbuck Antilope cervicapra, is now famous for the largest population of harriers Circus spp. in the world during winter, and also for one of the largest breeding populations of the Lesser Florican Sypheotides indica in monsoon. The existence of a large, regular winter roost of harriers Circus spp. has been known since the mid-1980s, and assessments of the number of birds present at the peak period have ranged up to 2,000 (Clarke 1993). Velavadar National Park is just above sea level, located 18 km from the Gulf of Cambay and 35 km north of the city of Bhavnagar. Velavadar is at a lower elevation than its surroundings and therefore remains submerged for a longer duration when cyclones strike the coast (Dharmakumarsinhji 1978). The present area of the Park was a private vidi (grassland) of the erstwhile princely State of Bhavnagar (Jhala 1991). This IBA falls under Semi-arid Gujarat-Rajwada Biotic Province of the Semi- Arid Biogeographical Zone as per the classification of Rodgers et al. (2000). The high tidal zone of the Gulf of Khambat constitutes the boundary to the south of the Park, while wastelands and agricultural fields surround the other sides. Thirty-nine species of grasses and 46 species of sedges, shrubs and trees represent the diversity of flora. Sporobolus virginicus, S. coromandelianus, S. maderaspatenus, and Dicanthium annulatum are the dominant grasses. Prosopis chilensis shrubs cover large areas of the Park. Among the medium sized trees and shrubs, Salvadora, Acacia nilotica, Zizyphus, Capparis and Suaeda are common.

Key biodiversity

AVIFAUNA: Over 185 species of birds have been recorded from this area (Akhtar 1998). The area has been reported as the largest roosting ground in the world for four species of harriers, which migrate to the Park: Western Marsh Circus aeruginosus. Montagu’s C. pygargus, Hen C. cyaneus, and Pallid C. macrourus harriers. It also has the largest concentration of Lesser Florican during the monsoon. Up to 40 territorial male floricans have been found in and around Velavadar (Anon. undated). Another threatened bird is White-browed Bushchat or Stoliczka’s Bushchat Saxicola macrorhyncha which has been recently confirmed from this site. During winter, Macqueen’s Bustard Chlamydotis macqueeni (Near Threatened) is also found in this area in small numbers. Velavadar has been selected on the basis of A1 criteria (presence of significant numbers of the highly endangered Lesser Florican) and A4ii criteria (very high concentration of harriers).

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Over 15 species (excluding rodents and bats) of mammals, 9 species of reptiles and several species of insects have been recorded in the Park (Dharmakumarsinhji 1978, Natarajan and Rahmani 1997, Singh 2001), which has one of the largest populations of Blackbuck in India. More than 1,300 were counted in 1988-89 (Jhala 1991).

Wolf Canis lupus is the top carnivore in the area. Other animals include Bluebul Boselaphus tragocamelus, Golden Jackal Canis aureus, Hyena Hyaena hyaena, Jungle Cat Felis chaus and Indian Fox Vulpes bengalensis.

Key contributors: Y. V. Jhala, H. S. Singh and I. R. Gadhvi.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Velavadar National Park. Downloaded from on 02/04/2023.