Varna-Beloslav Lakes Complex

IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2005 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Common Pochard Aythya ferina VU winter 1997 1,125-10,240 individuals B1i, C3
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus NT passage 1996 30 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus LC winter 2001-2004 403-2,175 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus LC passage 1996 200 individuals A1, C1, C2
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo LC winter 1997 165-2,331 individuals B1i, C3
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta LC breeding 1996 13 breeding pairs B3, C6
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus LC breeding 1998 30 breeding pairs C6
Mew Gull Larus canus LC winter 1996 30-479 individuals B1i, C3
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes n/a passage - 3,200-50,700 individuals A4iv, B1iv, C5

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2005).

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Yatata Zashtitena Mestnost 154 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Yatata Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 144 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Varnensko-Beloslavsko ezero Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 4,687 is identical to site 4,682
Varnensko - Beloslavski kompleks Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 178 protected area contained by site 178
Mochurishteto Zashtitena Mestnost 22 protected area overlaps with site 0
Kazashko Zashtitena Mestnost 125 protected area contained by site 0
Kazashko Protected Landscape 125 protected area contained by site 125
Galata Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 8,044 protected area is adjacent to site 0


Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater, Standing brackish and salt water, Water fringe vegetation -
Artificial/Terrestrial Other urban and industrial areas -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
urban/industrial/transport -
hunting -

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Varna-Beloslav Lakes Complex. Downloaded from on 23/02/2024.