Varangerfjord (including Hornøya and Reinøya)


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2014

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus VU non-breeding 2008-2013 2-10 individuals B1i
Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis VU winter 2008-2013 500-3,000 individuals A1
King Eider Somateria spectabilis LC winter 2008-2013 5,000-8,000 individuals A4i, B1i
Common Eider Somateria mollissima NT winter 2008-2013 6,000-8,000 individuals B1i, B3
Steller's Eider Polysticta stelleri VU winter 2009-2013 2,500-3,500 individuals A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Velvet Scoter Melanitta fusca VU winter 2008-2013 200-400 individuals A1, B2
Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator LC non-breeding 2004-2013 1,000-2,000 individuals B1i
Yellow-billed Loon Gavia adamsii NT winter 2008-2014 5-10 individuals A1
Purple Sandpiper Calidris maritima LC winter 2008-2014 500-2,000 individuals B1i, B3
Larus argentatus NR breeding 2009-2012 8,000-13,000 breeding pairs A4i, B1i, B3
Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla VU breeding 2012-2013 25,000-30,000 breeding pairs B1i
Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus LC winter 2000-2010 1,000-4,000 individuals B1i
Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica VU breeding 2012-2013 11,000-16,000 breeding pairs B1ii, B2
Common Murre Uria aalge LC breeding 2012-2013 14,000-15,000 breeding pairs B1ii
A4iii Species group - seabirds n/a breeding 2009-2013 58,000-74,000 breeding pairs A4iii
A4iii Species group - waterbirds n/a winter 2000-2013 16,000-29,000 individuals A4iii

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2015 medium unfavourable negligible
Was the whole site covered? No State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification marine and freshwater aquaculture - industrial aquaculture happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - intentional use: subsistence/sml scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather temperature extremes likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Energy production and mining oil and gas drilling likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors flight paths happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors shipping lanes happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Grassland Tundra 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) near favourable
Marine Coastal/Supratidal 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) near favourable
Marine Intertidal 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Marine Neritic (Nearshore Shelf) 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) near favourable

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Polysticta stelleri Steller's Eider 3000 2000 individuals 67 unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management planning has taken place Very little or no conservation action taking place negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Varangerbotn Nature Reserve 118 protected area contained by site 118
Storelvosen Nature Reserve 23 protected area contained by site 23
Nesseby Nature Reserve 75 protected area contained by site 75
Komagværstranda Nature Reserve 656 protected area contained by site 656
Hornøya og Reinøya Nature Reserve 197 protected area contained by site 197
Ekkerøya Nature Reserve 165 protected area contained by site 165
Barvikmyran og Blodskytodden Nature Reserve 2,666 protected area is adjacent to site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Marine Neritic (Nearshore Shelf) -
Marine Intertidal -
Marine Coastal/Supratidal -
Grassland Tundra -
Wetlands (inland) Blanket bogs, Coastal lagoons, Fens, transition mires and springs, Rivers and streams, Salt marshes, Sand dunes and beaches -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
rangeland/pastureland -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
nature conservation and research -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Varangerfjord (including Hornøya and Reinøya). Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/04/2019.