The Biosphere Reserve is located on the relatively flat and narrow coastal plain extending from the foothills to the shore. The wetland forest has different kinds of green ferns, and also harbours the only remaining stand of Ka trees (Terminalia carolinesis) in the world. The core area, which is mainly composed of mangrove and marine areas, has been designated with the main objective to protect the area thus prohibiting any human activities including harvesting of natural resources. The terrestrial buffer zone protects the core area against external pressures and the marine buffer zone is protected as a no-take zone. The biosphere reserve has 24 different archaeological sites. The core, buffer, and transition core areas are managed by land use regulations and the Marine Resources Act 2000 (UNESCO-MAB, 2006).
Non-bird biodiversity: • Terminalia Swamp Forest (the only remaining stand of Ka trees (Terminalia carolinesis) in the world) • Mangrove Forests • Kosrae Flying Fox • Low-elevation Broadleaf Forest
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Utwa-Walung Conservation Area. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/11/2021.