Urlabari forest groves

Country/territory: Nepal

IBA Criteria met: A1, A4i (2005)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 100 ha

Bird Conservation Nepal
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2011 high unfavourable negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
Urlabari Forest Groves lie on the south of the East West Highway on the eastern edge of Morang district. The grove consists of a few tall and mature Karam Adina cordifolia trees spread over an area of 100 ha. The site has been identified as an IBA because of its important nesting colony of the globally threatened Lesser Adjutants.

Key biodiversity
A total of 31 nests with 56 young and an estimated population of 62 adults of Lesser Adjutant were counted here in the 2003/2004 breeding season (Baral 2004). The number of 118 adults and young totals more than 2% of the current global population estimate (Wetlands International 2002). This site therefore qualifies under the 1% global population criterion as an IBA. The site is under-recorded for other species and therefore a further survey is desirable.

Non-bird biodiversity: No other notable wildlife has been listed for this area. Mammals that possibly occur include Golden Jackal Canis aureus, Indian Hare Lepus nigricollis and Bengal Fox Vulpes bengalensis.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Urlabari forest groves. Downloaded from on 25/06/2022.