Umm al-Tuyyur

Country/territory: Syria

IBA Criteria met: A3, B2 (1994)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 12,000 ha

The Syrian Society for the Conservation of Wildlife
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2014 very high not assessed low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
A 12-km stretch of mainly rocky coast c.30 km north-north-east of Al-Ladhiqiyah (Lattakia) on the road to Al-Basit, extending north from the sheer limestone cliffs of Jabal Tarnajah (Ras al-Janzir) to the rocky headland of Ras al-Basit. There are 2 km of sand beach with seagrass beds offshore, and the 10-km-deep hinterland comprises well-wooded hills and narrow river valleys and plains. The area itself is also well-wooded, with coastal slopes covered in garigue, and there are a number of small, dammed lakes, including Ballouran Dam (25 ha). About 2,000 people live in and around Umm al-Tuyyur village, which is surrounded by a cultivated plain. Some fishing occurs offshore.

Key biodiversity
Breeding species include Tachybaptus ruficollis (less than 10 pairs), Pernis apivorus (probable), Circaetus gallicus, Accipiter gentilis (probable), Buteo buteo (possibly breeding in 1980s), Falco subbuteo (possibly breeding in 1980s), Larus cachinnans (c.15–30 pairs on a small island off Ras al-Basit: the only colony in Syria), Apus affinis, Hippolais olivetorum and Emberiza cia. Falco eleonorae is a non-breeding summer visitor in small numbers (3–5, June). The area is known locally to be especially attractive to migrant birds, of unspecified type, due to the good cover of woodland.

Non-bird biodiversity: No information.

Data-sheet compiled by M. I. Evans.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Umm al-Tuyyur. Downloaded from on 27/01/2023.