Umm al-Qamari

Country/territory: Saudi Arabia

IBA criteria met: A4i, B1i, B3 (1994)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 15 ha

IBA conservation status
Year of assessment (most recent) Threat (pressure) Condition (state) Action (response)
2013 medium not assessed medium
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Site description (baseline)
Two small, flat, fossil-coral islands in the Red Sea (12 ha and 2.7 ha), south-west of Qunfudah town. Rainfall is light and erratic, but there is often a heavy dew and the islands are exceedingly well vegetated, with thickets up to 3 m tall of Salvadora and Suaeda; on more open ground there is Cyperus, Atriplex and Zygophyllum.

Key biodiversity
See box for key species. Other breeding birds include Butorides striatus (2 pairs), Egretta gularis (7 pairs), Pandion haliaetus (2 pairs) and Streptopelia roseogrisea (c.500 pairs). Small numbers of Pelecanus rufescens roost on the beaches in winter.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Data-sheet compiled by Dr Stephen F. Newton.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Umm al-Qamari. Downloaded from on 03/06/2023.