TZ069
Umalila Mountains


IBA Justification

The site was identified as important in 2001 because it was regularly supporting significant populations of the species listed below, meeting ('triggering') IBA criteria.

Populations meeting IBA criteria ('trigger species'):
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) Population estimate at site IBA criteria met
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens LC resident 2000 present A3
Montane Nightjar Caprimulgus poliocephalus LC resident 2000 present A3
Mountain Buzzard Buteo oreophilus NT resident 2000 present A3
Bar-tailed Trogon Apaloderma vittatum LC resident 2000 present A3
White-faced Barbet Pogonornis macclounii LC resident 2000 present A3
Moustached Green Tinkerbird Pogoniulus leucomystax LC resident 2000 present A3
Dickinson's Kestrel Falco dickinsoni LC resident 2000 present A3
Fülleborn's Boubou Laniarius fuelleborni LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Souza's Shrike Lanius souzae LC resident 2000 present A3
Common Fiscal Lanius collaris LC resident 2000 unknown A2, A3
Chapin's Apalis Apalis chapini LC resident 2000 unknown A2, A3
Black-lored Cisticola Cisticola nigriloris LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Churring Cisticola Cisticola njombe LC resident 2000 present A1, A2, A3
Blue Swallow Hirundo atrocaerulea VU breeding 2000 present A1, A3
Black-browed Mountain Greenbul Arizelocichla fusciceps LC resident 2000 present A3
Shelley's Greenbul Arizelocichla masukuensis LC resident 2000 present A3
Yellow-throated Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus ruficapilla LC resident 2000 present A3
African Hill-babbler Sylvia abyssinica LC resident 2000 present A3
Slender-billed Starling Onychognathus tenuirostris LC resident 2000 unknown A3
Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyana LC resident 2000 present A3
White-eyed Slaty-flycatcher Melaenornis fischeri LC resident 2000 present A3
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata LC resident 2000 present A3
White-chested Alethe Chamaetylas fuelleborni LC resident 2000 present A3
Sharpe's Akalat Sheppardia sharpei LC resident 2000 unknown A2, A3
Miombo Rock-thrush Monticola angolensis LC resident 2000 present A3
Spot-throat Modulatrix stictigula LC resident 2000 present A2, A3
Bronze Sunbird Nectarinia kilimensis LC resident 2000 present A3
Forest Double-collared Sunbird Cinnyris fuelleborni LC resident 2000 present A3
Oustalet's Sunbird Cinnyris oustaleti LC resident 2000 present A3
Cinnyris manoensis NR resident 2000 present A3
Montane Widowbird Euplectes psammacromius LC resident 2000 unknown A2, A3
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht LC resident 2000 present A3
Bertram's Weaver Ploceus bertrandi LC resident 2000 present A3
Olive-headed Weaver Ploceus olivaceiceps NT resident 2000 unknown A3
Brown Firefinch Lagonosticta nitidula LC resident 2000 present A3
Red-faced Crimsonwing Cryptospiza reichenovii LC resident 2000 present A3
Yellow-bellied Waxbill Coccopygia quartinia LC resident 2000 present A3
Broad-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua obtusa LC resident 2000 present A3
Fülleborn's Longclaw Macronyx fuelleborni LC resident 2000 present A3
Oriole Finch Linurgus olivaceus LC resident 2000 unknown A3
East African Citril Crithagra hyposticta LC resident 2000 present A3
Kipengere Seedeater Crithagra melanochroa LC resident 2000 unknown A2, A3
Streaky Seedeater Crithagra striolata LC resident 2000 present A2, A3

The current IUCN Red List category may differ from that which was valid at the time of IBA criteria assessment (2001).


IBA Conservation

IBA conservation assessment
Year of assessment (most recent) State (condition) Pressure (threat) Response (action)
2011 very unfavourable very high low
Was the whole site assessed? State assessed by Accuracy of information
yes habitat medium

State (condition of the trigger species' habitats)
Habitat Habitat detail Reference area (ha) Actual area (ha) Habitat quantity (% remaining) Habitat quality (carrying capacity) Result
Forest 0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Pressure (threats to the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Threat level 1 Threat level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather temperature extremes likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining oil and gas drilling happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Energy production and mining renewable energy happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Geological events volcanic eruptions happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution industrial & military effluents - type unknown/unrecorded likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors flight paths happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Response (conservation actions taken for the trigger species and/or their habitats)
Protected-area designation Management planning Other conservation action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) No management planning has taken place Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity low
For more information about IBA conservation status, please click here

IBA Protection

Protected area (PA) PA designation PA area (ha) Relationship of PA with IBA Overlap of PA with IBA (ha)
Umalila Forest Reserve 4,159 protected area overlaps with site 4,159
Sisu Forest Reserve 1,892 protected area contained by site 1,892
Mwalugulu Forest Reserve 6,949,970 protected area overlaps with site 250
Mswima Forest Reserve 719 protected area overlaps with site 0
Mpara Forest Reserve 1,792 protected area overlaps with site 1,048
Mamboto Forest Reserve 43,038 protected area overlaps with site 1,800
Mamboto Forest Reserve 43,038 protected area overlaps with site 0
Kyosa Forest Reserve 997 protected area overlaps with site 1,804
Kabulo Forest Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 3,500
Iyonda Forest Reserve 872 protected area overlaps with site 872

Habitats

Habitat (IUCN level 1) Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest -
For more information about the IUCN Habitat classification, please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
water management -


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2024) Important Bird Area factsheet: Umalila Mountains. Downloaded from https://datazone.birdlife.org/site/factsheet/umalila-mountains-iba-tanzania on 26/02/2024.