Ubrique and Grazalema mountain ranges

Country/territory: Spain

IBA criteria met: A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6 (2011)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 103,376 ha


Site description (baseline)
A mountain massif with many high limestone cliffs. The vegetation comprises scrub, grassland and Quercus and Abies forests. The main human activities are livestock-farming, hunting and tourism.

Key biodiversity
This is an important area for cliff-nesting raptors, particularly Gyps fulvus and Hieraaetus fasciatus. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aquila adalberti (non-breeding) and Falco naumanni (7 breeding pairs).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Ubrique and Grazalema mountain ranges. Downloaded from on 08/06/2023.