The westernmost lake in the çukurova delta, situated east of the River Seyhan mouth. Brackish for most of the year, becoming fresher following winter rains. A narrow line of dunes separates the lake from the sea (excepting a small channel). A fish-trap operates at the sea opening. Also includes a complex of freshwater marshes, saltmarshes and ponds south-east of the lake. Large parts of the wetland dry completely during summer, when water is used for irrigation.
The site is important for breeding waterbirds and for wintering wildfowl. A 1990 WIWO study revealed that large numbers of waders stop-over during spring passage, but remain for relatively short periods due to the poor feeding conditions.
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tuzla lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/02/2023.