Country/territory: Australia

IBA Criteria met: A1, A4i (2009)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 12,985 ha

Protection status:

BirdLife Australia
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2018 high unfavourable low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

Site description
Tuggerah Lakes is a coastal lagoon system comprising of three main lakes, Tuggerah, Budgewoi and Munmorah, and some smaller adjacent wetlands including Colongra Lake and Swamp. The IBA includes adjacent floodplain forests, which are suitable for Swift Parrots and Regent Honeyeaters, and extensive sea-grass beds within the lakes. Forest types around the lakes includes Coastal Sand Mahogany, Alluvial Robusta-Paperbark Sedge Swamp Forest, Coastal Sand Littoral Rainforest, Paperbark Swamp Forests, Alluvial Riparian Blackbutt Forest, Melaleuca swamps, Spotted Gum/Ironbark, Scribbly Gum and Bloodwood/Black Oak woodlands.

Key biodiversity
Occasional records of single Australasian Bitterns and 3-5 pairs of Black Bitterns (Vulnerable in NSW). Up to 20 pairs of breeding Little Egrets on Curly Island. Maximum counts of 3515 Black Swans, 1723 Curlew Sandpipers and 998 Red-necked Stints at 9 counting sites around the lake. A pair of Ospreys are close to their southern range limit in NSW.

Non-bird biodiversity: Most of the forests along the streams and foreshores are categorised as Endangered Ecological Communities under the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995. Melaleuca biconvexa, a threatened species, is relatively common.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2019) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tuggerah. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/09/2019.