BH001
Tubli Bay


Country/territory: Bahrain

IBA Criteria met: A4i, B1i (1994)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 1,350 ha

Protection status:

Bahrain Natural History Society
Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2007 very high very unfavourable low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here


Site description
A shallow, sheltered bay in an urban/industrial area, with saltmarsh vegetation, extensive mudflats (mainly on the east side) and a large area of mangrove Avicennia (the last remaining area in the country) in the south-west corner of the bay at Sanad. Tidal amplitude is up to 2.5 m and salinity exceeds 4.0%. There are many freshwater springs offshore and onshore, the latter associated with Phragmites reedbeds and date-palm gardens. The bay is an important spawning and nursery area for fish and prawns. It receives irrigation run-off from the date gardens and also fully treated sewage effluent.

Key biodiversity
The most important site in the country for migrating and wintering coastal waterbirds. See box for key species. Other wintering species include Egretta garzetta (100), Charadrius hiaticula (300), Calidris minuta (1,000), Arenaria interpres (250), Larus ichthyaetus (150) and Larus ridibundus (2,000).

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tubli Bay. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/08/2020.