ZA077
Tsitsikama - Plettenberg Bay


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1998

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Cape Francolin Pternistis capensis LC resident 1998 present A3
Knysna Turaco Tauraco corythaix LC resident 1998 present A2
Black Harrier Circus maurus EN resident - present A1
Knysna Woodpecker Campethera notata NT resident 1998 present A1, A2
Victorin's Warbler Cryptillas victorini LC resident 1998 present A3
Knysna Warbler Bradypterus sylvaticus VU resident 1998 present A2
Cape Bulbul Pycnonotus capensis LC resident 1998 present A3
Chorister Robin-chat Cossypha dichroa LC resident 1998 present A2
Cape Sugarbird Promerops cafer LC resident 1998 present A3
Orange-breasted Sunbird Anthobaphes violacea LC resident 1998 present A3
Forest Canary Crithagra scotops LC resident 1998 present A2
Cape Siskin Crithagra totta LC resident 1998 present A1, A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 high not assessed high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - agro-industry plantations happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - small dams happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - run-off happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Forest 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Shrubland Shrubland - Cape (fynbos) 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Whiskey Creek Nature Reserve Forest Nature Reserve 2,138 protected area overlaps with site 0
Tsitsikamma Marine Protected Area Marine Protected Area 29,366 protected area contained by site 0
The Gums Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 62 protected area contained by site 0
Robberg Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 196 protected area contained by site 0
Robberg Marine Protected Area Marine Protected Area 2,618 protected area contained by site 0
Keurbooms River Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 890 protected area contained by site 0
Garden Route National Park National Park 126,386 protected area overlaps with site 24,000
Cape Floral Region Protected Areas World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 1,094,742 protected area overlaps with site 0
Buitenverwachting Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 248 protected area contained by site 0
Brackenburn Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 91 protected area contained by site 0
Annex Arch Rock Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 54 protected area contained by site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Montane forest - mixed -
Shrubland Shrubland - Cape (fynbos) -
Wetlands (inland) Coastal lagoons, Rivers & streams -
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches, Scree, boulders and bare rock, Sea cliffs & rocky shores, Shingle & stony beaches -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
agriculture -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tsitsikama - Plettenberg Bay. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 08/08/2022.