This IBA is dominated by tropical deciduous forest on limestone hills, with patches of evergreen forest along perennial springs at the base of a rocky hill. Most coastal forest has been converted to rice and agriculture, but a small freshwater wetland and well-vegetated saline lagoons are present along the coast. This site is known in Indonesian as ‘Hutan Tilomar’ (‘Tilomar Forest’) (RTK 34) (Ora 2000).
Lambert et al. (2006) conducted a four-day bird forest survey around Foho Lulik village and located the Endangered Wetar Ground-dove, only the second record of this poorly-known species on Timor and the first in Timor-Leste. Twenty-five restricted-range species have been recorded in this IBA, plus the Critically Endangered Yellow-crested Cockatoo (Ora 2000, Lambert et al. 2006).
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tilomar. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/09/2020.