The wooded Mahra

Country/territory: Yemen

IBA Criteria met: B3 (1994)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 15,000 ha

Protection status:

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2013 medium not assessed negligible
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Site description
The south-west monsoon brings mist and rain to the slopes in late summer when the mostly deciduous vegetation springs into leaf and the otherwise poor herb layer is transformed. The tree cover comprises mostly Anogeissus dhofarica/Commiphora habessinica woodland with abundant Adenium obesum and, in places, Acacia senegalensis. These unique woodlands hold 500 species of plants, with 30 endemic species and two endemic genera.

Key biodiversity
Other wildlife: 12 species of reptiles including the endemic Chamaeleo arabicus, Hemidactylus yerburii and Coluber thomasi. The sea-turtle Chelonia mydas (globally Endangered) nests on the beaches. Mammals include Indian Crested Porcupine, Honey Badger (regionally Near Threatened), Arabian Wolf (regionally Endangered), Striped Hyena (regionally Endangered), Arabian Caracal, Arabian Leopard (regionally Critically Endangered) and Nubian Ibex.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: The wooded Mahra. Downloaded from on 23/09/2020.