PL131
Tatra mountains


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2010

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Hazel Grouse Bonasa bonasia LC breeding 2008-2009 650-1,300 breeding pairs C6
Western Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus LC breeding 2004-2007 30-35 males C6
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix LC breeding 2007 25-30 males C6
Eurasian Pygmy-owl Glaucidium passerinum LC breeding 2004-2009 20-30 breeding pairs C6
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus LC breeding 2004-2009 25-50 breeding pairs C6
Three-toed Woodpecker Picoides tridactylus LC breeding 2005-2007 40-50 breeding pairs C6
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus LC breeding 2007-2009 1-2 breeding pairs C6

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2009 very high unfavourable medium
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Human intrusions and disturbance war, civil unrest and military exercises happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - unspecified species happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - dams (size unknown) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
No known threats no known threats happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution air-borne pollutants - type unknown/unrecorded happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors flight paths happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Forest 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland 0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Condition of key/trigger populations (state)
Scientific Common TargetPop ActualPop Units Remaining Result
Bonasa bonasia Hazel Grouse 650 650 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Tetrao urogallus Western Capercaillie 30 30 males 100 favourable
Lyrurus tetrix Black Grouse 25 25 males 100 favourable
Glaucidium passerinum Eurasian Pygmy-owl 20 20 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Aegolius funereus Boreal Owl 25 25 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Picoides tridactylus 40 40 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Falco peregrinus 1 1 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Prunella collaris Alpine Accentor 150 150 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive Some limited conservation initiatives are in place medium
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Various Nature Reserve 10,500 protected area contained by site 10,500
Tatrzański Park Narodowy Park Narodowy 21,155 protected area overlaps with site 21,240
Tatry Special Protection Area (Birds Directive) 21,018 protected area overlaps with site 20,535
Tatry Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 21,018 protected area overlaps with site 0
Tatra Biosphere Reserve UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 17,906 protected area contained by site 21,164
Południowomałopolski Obszar Chronionego Krajobrazu Obszar Chronionego Krajobrazu 364,496 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Polana Biały Potok Site of Community Importance (Habitats Directive) 53 protected area overlaps with site 0
Peat bogs in the Tatra National Park Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 741 protected area contained by site 0
Glacial lakes in the Tatra National Park Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 571 protected area contained by site 0

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Native coniferous woodland, Mixed woodland, Treeline ecotone -
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) Scree & boulders, Inland cliffs -
Artificial/Terrestrial Ruderal land -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
tourism/recreation -
nature conservation and research -
forestry -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2022) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tatra mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/08/2022.