One of the largest forests in the Alps, relatively intact and undisturbed. The area is comprised mainly of native coniferous woodland of spruce Picea abies and mixed woodland, with some alpine pastures and grasslands. Cattle-grazing and forestry are the main human activities.
An important site for forest/mountain species of grouse, raptor and woodpecker. Counts refer mostly to 1995. Breeding species of global conservation concern that does not meet IBA criteria: Crex crex (2-4 pairs).
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Industrial/urban development and infrastructure, and hunting, are threats in the zone around the IBA, but there are no major threats within the site. The whole area is protected and managed by the National Forestry Department. Some or all of the site is covered by a management plan. Research has been carried out since the early 1980s on birds (mainly gamebirds), mammals (ungulates, Ursus arctos), reptiles and invertebrates.
National Low International None21 ha of IBA covered by State Nature Reserve (Cucco, 21 ha). 378 ha of IBA covered by State Nature Reserve (Rio Bianco, 378 ha).
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tarvisio Forest. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 17/09/2021.