Taroko National Park

Country/territory: Taiwan, China

IBA criteria met: A1, A2, A3 (2001)
For more information about IBA criteria, please click here

Area: 92,000 ha

Site description (2001 baseline)
Extent of this site : to the north is Duojiatun Mt., Nanhuda Mt., and Central Peak on a ridge line; to the east is the ridgeline between Chingshui Mt., Provincial Highway 9, Taroko, Hsincheng Mt., Ohchu Mt., and Jialiwan Mt; to the south is the ridgeline of the main peak Chilai Mt., Tarokoda Mt.. Liwu Mt., and Patuolu Mt.; to the west is the ridgeline connecting Kunyang, Wuling, Hehuan Mt., Pingyan Mt., and Duojiatun Mt. The area is jointly owned by the Construction and Planning Administration of the Ministry of Interior, Forest Development Division of the Veterans Affairs Commission, Taiwan Forestry Bureau, the Provincial Highway Bureau, the Bureau of Mines, and the county governments which have jurisdiction over the aboriginal preserves. Mountains over 2,000 m in elevation cover half the park area, and more than 1/6 of the area consists of peaks over 3,000 m, including 27 of Taiwan’s 100 highest peaks. The Central Cross-island Highway which was completed in 1960 is the most important route for tourism, along which lies the marble gorge from Taroko to Tienhsiang. The area has abundant cultural resources, including the ancient sites of the Atayal Aborigines and prehistoric sites scattered on terraces along the Liwu River and its tributaries.

Key biodiversity
A2 criterion species: Nine endemic species are commonly seen here: including White-throated Hill Partridge, Formosan Blue Magpie, Formosan Yuhina, White-eared Sibia, Formosan Whistling Thrush, Formosan Bulbul, Swinhoe’s Pheasant, Mikado Pheasant, and Steere’s Liocichla. • At this site, 147 species have been recorded.

Non-bird biodiversity: • Thirty-four species of mammals have been recorded, including 6 endemic species; 13 species of amphibians, including 3 endemic species; and 28 species of reptiles, including 3 endemic species. More than half of the species of mammals, amphibians, and reptiles in Taiwan are found in this area. There are 17 species of fish inhabiting the rivers and streams, including 2 endemics; 912 species of insects, including 28 endemics; 18 species of the crustaceans, including terrestrial snails, 13 species of freshwater shrimp, and 6 species of crabs among which Platyeriocheir formosa can only be found in eastern Taiwan. • A newly discovered Mustela formosana, was reported from this area by Professor Lianggong Lin of Tunghai University. • There are approximately 1,100 species of vascular plants, among which 57 species are rare in Taiwan.

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Area factsheet: Taroko National Park. Downloaded from on 22/09/2023.