Country/territory: Spain

IBA Criteria met: A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iv, B1i, B1iii, B1iv, C1, C2, C5 (2011)
For more information about IBA criteria please click here

Area: 8,046 ha


Site description
A coastal area around Tarifa bordering the Strait of Gibraltar. The site includes plains and low hills covered by Mediterranean scrub and grassland. The main human activities are arable cultivation, livestock-farming, tourism, and military use.

Key biodiversity
The site is a major migratory bottleneck, where more than 20,000 storks and raptors regularly pass, including (figures are seasonal totals) Pernis apivorus (8,000-11,500 birds), Milvus migrans (45,000-60,000), Circaetus gallicus (4,000), Buteo buteo (3,000) and Hieraaetus pennatus (4,000).

Raptors MOU - IBA listed under Table 3 of the Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Migratory Birds of Prey in Africa and Eurasia

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tarifa. Downloaded from on 31/03/2023.