ID221
Tanimbar Tengah


Year of compilation: 2003

Site description
This area is a flat area. The land of Yamdena island is important area for medicinal plants and other forest products and hunting (wild boar, deer and wild buffalo). There are 4 villages in this area and most of the people work as fisherman and farmer. Main comodities are coconut for copra and marine products mainly sea cucumbers and mussels.



Key biodiversity
The only area where Tanimbar Starling Aplonis crassa recorded.

Non-bird biodiversity: The endemic flora in this area is Lemuku Dendrobium phaleonopsis (MacKinnon & Artha 1981, Monk et.al.1997). The emdemic fauna of Tanimbar are Troides riedeli, Litoria capitula (Monk et.al.1997). The other important fauna are Python morelia amethistina,Cervus timorensis floresiensis (Petocz et.al.1997).



Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
Logging, land clearence for plantation, collection of orchid and megapode eggs is the potential threat (Monk et.al.1997).



Protected areas
This area includes:- Nustaram Nature Reserve (2420 ha) based on SK Menteri Pertanian No.609/Kpts/Um/10/1978- Nuswotar Nature Reserve (2052 ha) based on SK Menteri Pertanian No.690/Kpts/Um/10/1978.



Habitat and land use
Moist deciduous forest, dry deciduous forest and a few of semi-evergreen forest at eastern (Monk et.al.1997). There are five types of wetlands (Wetlands International): estuary, delta, beach, tidal mudflat, mangrove, river.




Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tanimbar Tengah. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 07/12/2021.