KE021
Taita Hills Forests This is an IBA in danger! 


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2001

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Southern Banded Snake-eagle Circaetus fasciolatus NT resident 1999 present A1
Taita Falcon Falco fasciinucha VU resident - present A1
Taita Apalis Apalis fuscigularis CR resident 1999 present A1, A2
Taita White-eye Zosterops silvanus EN resident 1998 1,500 individuals A1, A2
Abbott's Starling Poeoptera femoralis VU resident 1999 present A1
Taita Thrush Turdus helleri CR resident 1999 present A1, A2

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2020 very high unfavourable high
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - small-holder plantations happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Biological resource use gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - small dams happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - nutrient loads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented high
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Yale Forest Reserve 22 protected area contained by site 2
Vurai Forest Reserve 1 protected area contained by site 1
Sagalla Forest Reserve 70 protected area contained by site 70
Ngerenyi Forest Reserve 3 protected area contained by site 3
Ngangao Forest Reserve 123 protected area contained by site 92
Mwachora Forest Reserve 6 protected area contained by site 4
Mbololo Nature Reserve 0 protected area contained by site 220
Macha Forest Reserve 15 protected area contained by site 3
Kichuchenyi Forest Reserve 2 protected area contained by site 2
Fururu Forest Reserve 14 protected area contained by site 12
Chaiwa Forest Reserve 50 protected area contained by site 50

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial Forestry & agro-industrial plantations -
Forest Mid-altitude forest - transitional -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
urban/industrial/transport -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Taita Hills Forests. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/10/2021.