Tadmur desert and mountains

IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 2007

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Asian Houbara Chlamydotis macqueenii VU breeding 1948-1950 1 individuals B2
Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita EN breeding 2002-2007 1-3 breeding pairs A1, A4i
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus EN breeding 1991 4 individuals B2
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus NT winter 1981 1 individuals B2
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni LC breeding 1980 1 breeding pairs A1
Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus LC resident 1976 21 individuals B2

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here

IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2018 high not assessed negligible
Was the whole site covered? No State assessed by unset
Accuracy of information good

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Human intrusions and disturbance war, civil unrest and military exercises happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Desert 0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Little/none of site covered (<10%) No management planning has taken place Very little or no conservation action taking place negligible
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Talila Protected Area 30,000 protected area contained by site 30,000
Jabal Abou Rojmen Not Reported 60,000 protected area contained by site 60,000
Ibis Protected Area 23,000 protected area contained by site 23,000


IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial/Terrestrial Plantations, Urban areas -
Desert Temperate -
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater springs & oases, Seasonal/intermitt salt/brackish/alkali lake/flats -
Artificial/Aquatic & Marine Irrigated land, Water-storage areas -
Rocky areas (eg. inland cliffs, mountain peaks) -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport -
hunting -
agriculture -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.

Land ownership
The land is state-owned since the 1960s (although traditionally used by Amur and other Bedouin tribes).

Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2021) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Tadmur desert and mountains. Downloaded from on 06/05/2021.