ZA085
Swartberg mountains


IBA Criteria

Year of most recent IBA criteria assessment: 1998

Populations of IBA trigger species
Species Current IUCN Red List Category Season Year(s) of estimate Population estimate IBA Criteria Triggered
Cape Francolin Pternistis capensis LC resident 1998 present A3
Ground Woodpecker Geocolaptes olivaceus NT resident - present A1
Cape Rockjumper Chaetops frenatus NT resident 1998 present A1, A2, A3
Victorin's Warbler Cryptillas victorini LC resident 1998 present A2, A3
Cape Bulbul Pycnonotus capensis LC resident 1998 present A3
Cape Sugarbird Promerops cafer LC resident 1998 present A2, A3
Orange-breasted Sunbird Anthobaphes violacea LC resident 1998 present A2, A3
Protea Canary Crithagra leucoptera NT resident 1998 present A1, A2, A3
Cape Siskin Crithagra totta LC resident 1998 present A1, A2, A3

Note: This table presents the IBA criteria triggered and the species that triggered then at the time of assessment, the current IUCN Red List category may vary from that which was in place at that time.

For more information about the IBA assessment process and criteria please click here


IBA Monitoring

Most recent IBA monitoring assessment
Year of assessment Threat score (pressure) Condition score (state) Action score (response)
2014 medium unfavourable low
Was the whole site covered? Yes State assessed by Habitat
Accuracy of information medium

Threats to the site (pressure)
Threat Level 1 Threat Level 2 Timing Scope Severity Result
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Energy production and mining oil and gas drilling likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (unknown use) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Other other threat happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Condition of habitat (state)
Habitat Habitat Detail Reference Area (ha) Actual Area (ha) % of habitat remaining % of carrying capacity (overall) Result
Shrubland Shrubland - Cape (fynbos) 0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Conservation actions taken at site (response)
Conservation Designation Management Planning Conservation Action Result
Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species) Unknown Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity low
For more information about IBA monitoring please click here

IBA Protection

Protection status:

Protected Area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)
Swartberg-Oos Mountain Catchment Area Mountain Catchment Area 10,504 protected area contained by site 0
Swartberg Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 1,214 protected area is adjacent to site 0
Kleinberg Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 1,560 protected area contained by site 0
Klein Swartberg Mountain Catchment Area Mountain Catchment Area 32,615 protected area contained by site 17,999
Groot Swartberg Mountain Catchment Area Mountain Catchment Area 9,607 protected area overlaps with site 81,496
Gouritz Cluster Biosphere Reserve UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 3,189,557 protected area contains site 0
Gamkaskloof Provincial Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 4,391 protected area contained by site 0
Gamkapoort Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 9,192 protected area contained by site 0
Die Poort Private Nature Reserve Nature Reserve 1,253 protected area overlaps with site 0
Cape Floral Region Protected Areas World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 1,094,742 protected area overlaps with site 96,473
Anysberg Mountain Catchment Area Mountain Catchment Area 6,272 protected area contained by site 34,000

Habitats

IUCN Habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Shrubland - Cape (fynbos) -
For further information about the habitat classification please click here.

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
tourism/recreation -
water management -
nature conservation and research -
For further information about the land use classification please click here.


Recommended citation
BirdLife International (2020) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Swartberg mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/11/2020.