A complex of permanent and seasonal, freshwater to brackish marshes and seasonally flooded arable land on the flood-plain of the Karkheh river, 60-90 km west-north-west of Ahwaz near the Iraqi border. The site comprises the north-east extremity of the vast Hoor Al Azim (Haur Hawizeh) marshes, the bulk of which lies in Iraq. The adjacent semi-desertic plains have sparse steppic vegetation.
See boxes for key species. An important wintering area for geese, surface-feeding ducks and shorebirds, notably Anser anser, Anas strepera and Himantopus himantopus.
Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.
Pressure/threats to key biodiversity
There is no legal protection. Parts of the wetland are reported to have been damaged during the Iran-Iraq war.
Data-sheet compiled by Dr D. A. Scott, reviewed by Dept of Environment.
BirdLife International (2023) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Susangerd marshes. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 21/03/2023.